MYKONOS

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Mykonos Island

It’s party time

People call Mykonos the Ibiza of Greece.

A beautiful island in the Cyclades group, with flower garden little white houses, blue windows and doors, hand painted streets, windmills, chimneys, lots of small churches and fabulous restaurants, cafes and bars.

 

 

“Mykonos is considered as one of the most famous travel destinations in the world.”

 

The core of town is like a maze, designed by the Mykonians centuries ago to discourage aspiring invaders from finding their way. Very close to the town, wander up to the windmills for the view, or head out to one of the many tempting sandy beaches around the island. Southeastern of Mykonos is the island of Delos, one of the Greek islands' top ancient sites.

Open your eyes and your heart and you will feel the exaltation every time you walk on this whitewashed island, let the wind, whisper in your ears and feel Mykonos sunlight. Experience the energy coming from the sacred island of Delos. Then you will understand the charm and the beauty of Mykonos Island that brings up various emotions.

 

Geography

Mykonos Island is situated in the center of the Aegean Sea 75 miles east of Athens and is part of the Cyclades group of islands.The highest mountain peaks of Mykonos is only 372m. Although Mykonos is the most famous of Cyclades group of islands, it is actually the smallest covering an area of just 90 square kilometers.

Mykonos coastline is 89 km long, with quite a few bays forming beautiful beaches, and this is one of the reasons Mykonos obtained its fame. The bays of Chora, Korfos, Panormos, Elia, Ormos and Kalafatis are the most important bays of the island.

The sandy beaches of Mykonos exist because of the erosion of granitic rocks and the large concentration of granitic sand at river estuaries, mainly because of the strong winds and rain.

Similar with Mykonos coastline is the the complex of Delos – Rinia.

 

History

The name of Mykonos came from the son of the legendary king of Delos, Anios, a descendant of the god Apollo and the nymph Rio.

According to classical mythology, the Giants killed by Hercules during the Giants war, are buried on the island under the imposing rock formations of Mykonian granite.

The name Mykonos, somewhat pejoratively, means a mass of stones or a rocky part of a later tradition attributes the name of the island to a hero by the name of Mykonos, son of the king of Delos, Anios, who was the son of Apollo and nymph Rhoio- descendant of Dionysus.

The Kares and Phoenicians were the first inhabitants of Mykonos, but Ionians from Athens established settlers and control of the island around 1000 BC, evicting the previous occupants. Historical sources confirm the following in ancient times there were two towns on the island in 490 BC, the Persian generals Datis and Artaphernes made a short stopover in Mykonos; It was a poor island with limited agricultural resources.

The Myconian archaeological data attest human settlement on the island of Mykonos, dating to the late Neolithic period (5th millennium BC) in Elm. Also, a vaulted Mycenaean tomb in Anghelika of 14th-13th century BC is one of the few that have been discovered in the Cyclades. The ancient town of Mykonos was founded by the Ionians in the 11th century BC and coincides with the position of the modern town. The findings seem to agree with the ancient traditions, which are considered residents of Mykonos Ionians who arrived with their leader Hippolytus, son of Neleus and his father Phobias. The latter seems to have given its name to the ancient cape Forvia, which now coincides with Tourlos.

In ancient pantheistic times, Dionysus, Demeter, Zeus, Apollo, Neptune and Hercules were the main deities worshiped here.

The later years Mykonos belonged to the Romans and then the Byzantines, who fortified the island against the Arab invasions of the 7th century, kept control it until the 12th century.

In classical times Mykonos was part of the Delian League and paid just a small amount of tax due Mykonos poor economic situation. It is characteristic that at that time ancient authors made fun of the residents of Mykonos for their poverty and their poor means of living. “Mykonios” in fact was a word used to describe those who go to banquets uninvited!

After the battle of Aegospotami (404 BC) until the naval battle of Cnidus (394 BC), when Spartan dominance in the Aegean after the Peloponnesian war collapsed, Mykonos had become an ally of Sparta.

Then again it was close to the Athenians, but the conflict between Sparta and Athens led it to a poor economic situation, forcing it to borrow from the Fund of the Sanctuary of Delos. After the middle of the 3rd century, when Delos began to flourish, Mykonos benefited from it. Many residents supplied the sanctuary of Delos with building materials and products, while a large part of the island (the peninsula of Diakoftis and the estates Dorion and Thaleion) belonged to the temple of Delos.

The damage that Delos experienced at that time and subsequent decline dragged Mykonos as well.

In the Ptolemaic period it cut its own currency again and had economic growth. During the time of the Roman Empire, it seemed to enjoy some favours and the residents erected a statue of the emperor Hadrian to show their gratitude. In 1207 it came to the hands of the Venetians Andrea and Jeremiah Gizi who were nephews of the Doge Enrico Dandolo, but were still paying tribute to the Duke of Naxos, Marco Sanudo. When George III Gizi died childless in 1390, Mykonos came to the direct jurisdiction of Venice.

In 1537, while Mykonos was still under Venetian rule, the island experienced a catastrophic attack by Barbarossa, the admiral of Suleiman the Magnificent.

Later, according to Kapudan Pasha, the head of the Ottoman fleet, the island is almost self-governing in accordance with the period system, by an officer called "voivode" and a council, who always tried to keep equidistant from the Turks and the Venetians (the last of which finally left the area in 1718, after the fall of the castle of Tinos to the Ottomans).

Mykonos population increased by colonies of immigrants during the famine and epidemics which often followed the periods of conflict, until the late 18th century.

The Mykonians, were known as excellent sailors, were successful in trade and shipping.

Within 17th century, Mykonos developed as a naval centre and people were occupied with shipping. In the port there were many pirates who hid their loot there, bearing their families with them.

The time of the Greek Revolution of 1821, Mykonians led by Manto Mavrogenous lady  successfully prevented landing of a squadron of the Ottoman fleet in 1822.

Mykonos, participated in the war, with four armed ships

After the founding of the modern Greek state, the activity of the local upper and lower middle class revived Mykonos economy through the establishment of trade relations with South Russia, Moldavia and Wallachia.

The navy of Mykonos from the late 19th century began to decline due to the migration of residents and the major changes that have occurred with the prevalence of steam powered ships.

Between the First and Second World War, tourism in Mykonos started to appear as an industry.

During the Second World War the residents of Mykonos helped the Greek Resistance against the German conquests.

In the mid 1950s and because of the island’s unique architecture, as well as its relative seclusion and its hospitality, Mykonos became a unique travel global destination for rich and famous. Today Mykonos it’s one of the most famous vacation islands in the world.

 

  

Weather in Mykonos

The great summer weather is what has made Mykonos such a famous travel destination.

July and August are the peak summer months and Mykonos is teeming with people here to soak up the sun and hit the many bars and nightclubs. These months average daily temperature is 25oC to 26oC and more often the 30oC. Peak summer can often see temperatures soaring into the mid 30oC and above during particularly strong heat waves. The prevailing winds in Mykonos, are the northern ones with an occurrence rate of 38.2%, followed by the northeastern ones with an occurrence rate of 16.3%. The rate of lull in Mykonos is relatively small reaching approximately 11.3%.

The winds are neither strong nor gentle ranging between 2 and 6 on the Beaufort scale. Mykonos  climate is particularly dry. Among plants on the island, 26 are either endemic or rare and threatened species.

 

Accomodation

Whether you are looking for thorough relaxation or desire excitement and fun, Mykonos is the ideal place for you.

There are marvellous hotels, luxurious apartments or villas to choose from across the island. Many tour operators send organized groups in Mykonos, and you can easily find a great 4 or 5 star hotel for your accommodation with “all inclusive”  packs for a week or more. On the other hand we recommend you to travel by yourself, as the beauty of Mykonos is the all day party & fun at the beach bars. We are looking forward to welcoming you at Mykonos to make your stay an absolutely memorable experience!

 

Time Zone

Mykonos and generally all Greece is in the Eastern European Time Zone (Greenwich Mean Time plus two hours during daylight saving time, all over the year).

 

Transportation

Mykonos airport is international and there are flights from all over the world during the summer time.

Mykonos town is only 2.5 km away from Mykonos airport and you can get there by taxi that you can found across the arrival gate.

The local buses operates  throughout the touristic season (April to October). Taking a bus in Mykonos,  is the cheapest way to move around the island and the cost is no more than two euros per route.

There are three main bus stations in Mykonos

•      Fabrika square.

•      The square just across OTE (Greek Telecommunication company) by the entrance to the town (close to the old port).

•      Old port

Tourists in Mykonos, have the option to rent a car or a motorbike to explore Mykonos island. Renting a car or a motorbike offers more freedom and flexibility to move around and it certainly gives the opportunity to go to places where the public transport and the taxis cannot reach.

Make sure you drive safe because there is much traffic on the island in high season.

Boats From the old port of Mykonos, boats depart for the beaches on the southern side of the island, including Paraga, Paradise and Super Paradise.

There are also daily trips to the famous island of Delos, a neighboring open archaeological site.

 

Gastronomy

Greece is worldwide famous for its delicious and quality cuisine. Mykonos Island is worldwide known not only as one of the best Greek islands, famous for its sandy beaches and the all day fun, but also as a cosmopolitan place to be! Therefore, there couldn’t be an ideal place to taste all the things you wish! Mykonos offers hundreds of exciting entertainment choices and unique places for gastronomic pleasure!

 

One day visit

Mykonos is the travel destination embodying the most popular triptych of a Greek summer in the most obvious way; sun, sea, and nightlife.

The main Mykonos attractions are the beaches, where you can sunbathe and relax. Paradise Beach is considered a 'must' option in Mykonos for the summer season.

 

Main Mykonos Attractions

The 'Chora' of Mykonos has been a superb destination worldwide since the 1950's.

Mykonos’ town has been constructed around the mediaeval castle of the old town, which is located on a rocky area by the sea.

Mykonian buildings are constructed according to the Cycladic architectural style and have a special urban contraction interest.  The Myconian small streets with a lot of outdoor stairs at both sides, the countless, picturesque churches, the windmills, and most of all, the Mykonian sever harmony and the white color, give an unbelievably beautiful elegant unity.

The west part of Mykonos settlement, is built literally on the sea, and because of its construction singularity, is called “Little Venice”.

 

In Chora of Mykonos, there are more than sixty (60) churches, with a special aesthetic interest.

Most of them are small, with one aisle and covered with tiles in a red-brown color. Some are very old but the majority dates back to the 17th, 18th and 19th century. They comprise interesting and representative samples of the Greek (popular and other) ecclesiastic art.

You must meet the opportunity to visit the iconic windmills. There are currently 16 windmills in Mykonos, of which seven are positioned on the famous landmark hill in Chora.

The most important archaeological position on the island of Mykonos is at the Hill of Paleokastro, in Panormos bay.

There are remains of an Mykonian ancient wall and buildings, as well as pottery from the Geometric, Archaic and Hellenistic years, right under the Venetian Gizi castle, above which the 18th century convent of Paleokastro rises. This is where the second archaic city of Mykonos is thought to have been located.

Mykonos is famous for it’s nightlife, so make sure you save some time and energy to party the night away. On Paradise beach, the Tropicana Bar and the Sunrise Bar have umbrellas and deck chairs for you to sunbathe and at the evening,  once the music gets going, you’ll find the place full of enthusiastic youngsters dancing on tables and on any empty spot they can find.

 

Night Life

Mykonos is famous for its nightlife. Many tourists travel to Mykonos in order to live unique moments.

 

“The travellers often compare Mykonos nightlife to Impiza’s and Agia Napa’s.”

 

Mykonos has the best party scene in the Greek islands with countless bars and clubs, known for their trendy decoration and the great music.

The rhythm of amusement is frantic, without limits, during all day and night.

 

 

Mykonos is a popular gay destination and many bars are only gay venues.  Very often, they organize drag queen parties.

It is sure that no one will feel alone, all are members of big company that has ongoing fun. In the “island of winds” sleeping stops to be a necessity and becomes simply luxury. Mykonos exudes an erotic disposal and sex appeal that dominates everywhere. Release your brain and all rests will follow, in order to you live a unique experience. The rules do not have place in the island of absolute freedom.

The party atmosphere of Mykonos began in the 1960s, with the arrival of many famous Athenians and world artists. Due to the world-class facilities and the cosmopolitan atmosphere , Mykonos still receives many people from the upper class, such as artists and political personalities from all continents.

In Mykonos of winds sleeping stops to be a 'must' and turn into simply luxury. Mykonos exudes an erotic disposal and sex appeal that dominates everywhere in the island. Liberate your mind, in order to you live a unique experience. The rules do not have place in the island of absolute freedom.

 

Mykonos hot spots

Caprice Bar

It is located in the region of "Little Venice" and constitutes a very popular space of amusement. It is packed from world, mainly Greeks that enjoy the drink and the music.

Cavo Paradiso

It is a must destination for those who enjoy after parties, which begin after 2 in the night and keep up to the first morning hours, afterwards the sunrise.It;s close to the beach paradise, on a hill and for this it has a unique view to the sea, that all want to admire.

Kastro Bar

It is a well-known space in the region of Little Venice and is ideal for softer forms of amusement. You can relax, meet other people, and enjoy a cocktail while admiring the sunset.

Montparnasse Piano Bar

It is particularly popular to the gay visitors of island, but not only. It is situated in Little Venice. It is the only place in Mykonos that offers live music and is famous for the special cocktails.

Super Paradise

It is the absolute definition of the party in Mykonos. It is located next to the sea and the customers have fun from the morning up to late evening. The music is loud, consists of foreign and Greek hits and the professional dancers are fantastic.

Guzel - 9 Muses -

It is probably the ultimate dance stage in the island. Guzel is first in the list of preferences of the youth. TV screens, abundant alcohol, non-stopping dance, many people, are the elements that compose the setting in Guzel nightclub.

“And many more…”

Currency

In Mykonos and throughout Greece, the euro is the standard currency. This converter allows you to determine the value of other currencies compared with the euro.

Of course, there are so many places where you can exchange your currency for euro such as Banks, Currency exchange offices etc.

 

Safety

Mykonos is a popular holiday destination and generally a quite safe place for visitors. Use common caution and be careful when walking around after dark and you won't face any problems while staying on Mykonos.

 

Staying Connected

Power sockets in Greece deliver 220-240 volts at 60 hertz, and you may need a converter to use your electrical and electronical devices here.

If you have a laptop or a tablet with you, wireless Internet is available throughout Mykonos, including in many hotels, coffee shops, etc. At some locations, you have to pay for WiFi.

 

Local Laws

The drinking age in Mykonos —and throughout Greece—is 18, and smoking is banned in public places throughout the Town, including bars, restaurants, Public Transport and taxis. Cigar smoking is permitted at cigar bars that register with the Town. In Mykonos, those who are 18 or older can purchase tobacco and cigarettes.

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